Kathmandu

Kathmandu  is the capital and largest city of Nepal. Kathmandu valley surrounded with other two cities Bhaktapur and Lalitpur are integral to Kathmandu’s cultural heritage, tourism industry and economy; therefore UNESCO’s World Heritage Site lists all three cities’ monuments and attractions together under one heading, “Kathmandu Valley-UNESCO World Heritage Site. Kathmandu is also known as city of temples having uncountable Hindu & Buddhist temples around. It is also surrounded by four major mountains: Shivapuri, Phulchoki, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri.

Kathmandu is the gateway to tourism in Nepal whereby one can starts exploring Nepal’s Mountain Flight, Trekking or Hiking, Expeding, Sightseeing in and out Kathmandu, Rafting and so on..

Major Sightseeing points to see in Kathmandu for new tourist are as below:

Pashupatinath is the holiest Hindu pilgrimage destination in Nepal. There are linga images of Shiva along with statues, shrines, and temples dedicated to other deities in the complex. A temple dedicated to Shiva existed at this site in AD 879. However, the present temple was built by King Bhupatindra Malla in 1697. A gold-plated roof, silver doors, and woodcarvings of the finest quality decorate the pagoda construction.

Boudhanath Stupa is the largest stupa in Nepal and the holiest Tibetan Buddhist temple outside Tibet. It is the center of Tibetan culture inKathmandu and rich in Buddhist symbolism. The stupa is located in the town of Boudha, on the eastern outskirts of Kathmandu.

Swoyambhunath is an ancient religious complex atop a hill in the west of Kathmandu city. It is also known as the Monkey Temple as there are holy monkeys living around the temple. Swayambhunath occupies a central position; it is probably the most sacred amongBuddhist Pilgrimage sites. For Tibetans and followers of Tibetan Buddhism, it is second only to Boudhnath.

Kathmandu Durbar Square or Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square is the plaza in front of the old royal palace of the then Kathmandu Kingdom. It is one of three Durbar (Royal Palaces) Square in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal, all of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The Durbar Square is surrounded with spectacular architecture the skills of the Newar artists and craftsmen over several centuries. The royal palace was originally at Dattaraya square and was later moved to the Durbar square location.

The Kathmandu Durbar Square holds the palaces of the Malla and Shah Kings who ruled over the city. The Kathmandu Durbar Square is also known as Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square, a name derived from a statue of Hanuman, the monkey devotee of Lord Ram, at the entrance of the palace.

Some important monuments seen in this area are:

  • The Taleju temple is the tallest of all structures built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 A.D.
  • The Jagannath temple, built in the 16th century, is known for the fascinating erotic figures carved in the wooden struts. The Kala Bhairav, one of the largest 17th century stone statue in Kathmandu, represents the terrifying aspect of Shiva.
  • The statue of King Pratap Malla is placed atop a stone pillar right across the temple of Digu Taleju, the royal family deity.
  • Kumari temple (the temple of the living goddess is an example of the highly developed Nepali craftsmanship.
  • The Kala Bhairav, one of the largest 17th century stone statue in Kathmandu, represents the terrifying aspect of Shiva
  • Kastamandap from which Kathmandu derives its name, is said to have been built from the timber of a single tree.

Besides these, other fascinating parts of this palace complex is the towering Nautale Durbar overlooking the beautiful city and the vast Basantapur square. It is famous for its carved doors, windows, etc.

Themel is recently developed the most popular tourist market of Kathmandu after old tourist market Freak Street (Jhhonchen Tole). Thamel has clean narrow streets with no of lodges, hotels for budget travellers. Restaurants, bars and other tourist’s oriented shops around.